Liosta Briathrachais

J

Joint Ministerial Committee (JMC)

An inter-governmental committee consisting of UK Government, Scottish, Welsh and Northern Ireland Ministers.

Journal of the Scottish Parliament

The authoritative record of what the Parliament has done.

judges

The arrangements for the appointment and removal of Scottish judges are set out in section 95 of the Scotland Act 1998. Under these provisions, the Scottish Parliament has a key role in the procedures for the removal of a judge of the Court of Session or of the Chairman of the Scottish Land Court. The Scottish Parliament’s powers to summon witnesses or demand the production of documents cannot be imposed on a judge of any court (section 23(7)(a) of the 1998 Act).

Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC)

The Scotland Act 1998 gives the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council an important role in the resolution of legal issues arising from devolution, for example whether bills passed by the Scottish Parliament are within its legislative competence (section 103 and schedule 6). It can also decide, on appeal or otherwise, on other ‘devolution issues’, and its decisions will be binding on all other courts. For devolution purposes, the JCPC consists of Law Lords and others holding high judicial office, such as judges of the Court of Session.

junior Scottish Ministers

The term used in the Scotland Act 1998 (section 49) to denote Ministers in the Scottish government who are appointed by the First Minister, with the approval of the Scottish Parliament, to assist the Scottish Ministers in the exercise of their functions. Junior Scottish Ministers (known by the current government as Minister) are not members of the Scottish Executive or the Cabinet but are bound by the principle of collective responsibility under which the Executive operates.

Justice Committee

A subject committee of the Parliament, of 8 members, the remit of the committee is to consider and report on (a) the administration of criminal and civil justice, community safety, and other matters falling within the responsibility of the Cabinet Secretary for Justice and (b) the functions of the Lord Advocate, other than as head of the systems of criminal prosecution and investigation of deaths in Scotland.